March 2010




10-year results show cefuroxime effective against endophthalmitis



Intracameral cefuroxime proved to be effective in reducing the risk for acute-onset endophthalmitis after cataract surgery, according to recent findings published in the February issue of the Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery.

Maria Carmen García-Sáenz, M.D., University Hospital Fundación Alcorcón, Madrid, and her colleagues, were evaluating the efficacy of cefuroxime in the 10-year comparative study.

This prospective study evaluated patients who had cataract surgery at a university eye center over a 10-year period (1999 to 2008). Since the protocol’s approval by the Hospital Board in October 2005 to the end of the 10-year period, cataract patients were routinely treated with prophylactic intracameral cefuroxime. A database was used to measure the occurrence of endophthalmitis postoperatively. Then, the incidence of endophthalmitis before and after generalized use of prophylactic cefuroxime was compared. The effect of cefuroxime was evaluated by the relative risk.

In all, Dr. García-Sáenz said 13,652 patients had cataract surgery. Forty-two cases of post-op bacterial endophthalmitis were reported. The endophthalmitis rate was 0.30% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.26%-0.35%) overall, 0.59% (95% CI, 0.50%-0.70%) from January 1999 to September 2005, and 0.043% (95% CI, 0.02%-0.06%) from October 2005 to December 2008. The relative risk was 0.07 (range 0.022 to 0.231; P<0.05).

Based on these findings, the researchers concluded intracameral cefuroxime was effective at reducing the risk of endophthalmitis.


10-year results show cefuroxime effective against endophthalmitis 10-year results show cefuroxime effective against endophthalmitis
Ophthalmology News - EyeWorld Magazine
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